CONTACT US CONTACT US SERVICE ENQUIRY SERVICE ENQUIRY

How to choose the best impact wrench for your application


With many different options on the market, it can be challenging to know what features to look out for when selecting an impact wrench. This guide provides a brief overview of the technology and outlines some simple steps to help you get started. 

Get familiar with the mechanics

An impact wrench, also known as an impact driver or an impact gun, is designed to tighten or untighten bolts. It is commonly used in mechanical and industrial applications, for example when changing tires and disassembling car wheels, or performing maintenance on oil platforms. There are electrical, battery-powered, or pneumatic options available, each associated with different benefits and challenges

The operating principle is relatively simple. An impact mechanism composed of an anvil, an impactor (hammer) and a spring, enables the wrench to tighten and untighten as required. The tool accumulates energy by the hammer cage over one or more revolutions and once the hammer hits the output shaft (anvil), it creates the tightening or untightening torque. 

Assess your requirements

It is good to bear in mind that there is no one-size-fits-all solution. The desired torque range, power requirements and the impact mechanism’s design may vary depending on the job. As the latter affects the weight, vibration, speed and durability of the tool, it can have a considerable impact on user comfort and suitability for the task. To start the selection process, first consider:

  1. What are you looking for in a tool: is it power, efficiency, ergonomics, freedom of movement, or multi-purpose use?
  2. Your environment: how are you going to power the tool?
  3. The torque: range and precision, what does your application require?
  4. The ergonomics of the product: are the vibration and sound levels, the tool design and the proposed accessories a good fit for the job?
  5. The clutch type: is the mechanism capable of delivering the power you require?
  6. The weight and material of the tool: will it be easy to use over long periods and is the material a good match for your working environment?

Take a closer look at tool design

The design of the tool can play a key role in improving productivity. For example, a well-positioned center of gravity is a great benefit, as it enables better support over extended periods, while different handle shapes and trigger positionings can improve user comfort.

Remember that material matters

The material of the tool is another critical consideration. Metallic tools are usually more robust, but also heavy to use over long periods. Composite tools, on the other hand, are much lighter, enabling better maneuverability, but the material has made them less durable. Fortunately, advancements in material development over the last decade have improved the mechanical resistance of composite, improving its strength and making it a good alternative to metal in many applications. 

It is good to remember that the clutch housing and the body of the tool can be made of different materials. When you compare tools, make sure you check which part is composite and which is metal. As a rule of thumb, impact wrenches larger than ¾” tend to be made of metal.



Get the torque level right

Always choose a tool with a maximum torque that is superior to the torque needed for your application. This will reduce the time you spend using the tool and the vibrations you are subjected to. The graph below illustrates the different torque values commonly found in manufacturers’ catalogs. 

Do you use the right impact wrench?

Legend: 


Beware of overtightening! In some applications, for example when changing tires in small vehicles or trucks, tightening requires precision and torque control. Using tools with torque limited functions, coupled with a torque wrench, will optimize the application without overtightening and damaging the studs.

Review bolt size

You can identify the ideal tool square by looking at the size of the thread. If the square is too small compared to the thread, it will not be suitable and is likely to break. However, if the square is too large, it will be too strong and break the screw when tightening it. 

Do not ignore ergonomics, sound and vibration

It is vital to pay attention to factors that affect user safety and ergonomics, such as the sound level and vibration. The sound level is usually governed by the ISO15744 standard and the lower the value, the safer the user experience. The same goes for vibration levels, usually governed by ISO28927: lower vibration levels equal a safer and more comfortable user experience. Some impact systems are designed to enable low vibration levels and safety and comfort can also be further enhanced with the use of vibration-absorbing gloves.


By considering these seven points you will improve safety associated with using tools in the workplace, therefore protecting operators. An additional benefit to these responsible practices is that you will improve efficiency too!

Noise and vibration levels are factors to consider when choosing the tool to use for your application. Usually, when using keys below ¾”, operators are more sensitive to noise. However, above 3/4”, vibrations are more important to ponder.


Try it out

Knowing what you need to consider when looking for the right impact wrench for your application is a good start, but sometimes reviewing technical values is not enough to enable a well-informed purchase decision. To ensure the tool can meet your needs, it is always a good idea to discuss your requirements with the manufacturer and request a trial. Trying the tool out in your target application will give you confidence that it is a good fit for the task, the environment and ultimately, the way you work.

Browse our Air tools here

CP7769 Heavy Duty 3/4" Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1950 Nm

CP7769 Heavy Duty 3/4" Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1950 Nm

$1,095.00 NZD exc.
$1,259.25 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP7763 3/4" Super Duty Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1,630 Nm

CP7763 3/4" Super Duty Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1,630 Nm

$948.27 NZD exc.
$1,090.51 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP7762 3/4" Stubby Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1420 Nm

CP7762 3/4" Stubby Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1420 Nm

$820.87 NZD exc.
$944.00 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP7749 1/2" Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1300 Nm

CP7749 1/2" Impact Wrench, Max Torque 1300 Nm

$547.50 NZD exc.
$629.63 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP7737 1/2" Angle Impact Wrench, Max Torque 300 Nm

CP7737 1/2" Angle Impact Wrench, Max Torque 300 Nm

$500.00 NZD exc.
$575.00 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP9120CR 4" Air Angle Grinder

CP9120CR 4" Air Angle Grinder

From $481.80 NZD exc.
$554.07 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP9780 3/4" Heavy Duty Belt Sander

CP9780 3/4" Heavy Duty Belt Sander

$438.00 NZD exc.
$503.70 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP9789 1/2" Heavy Duty Reversible Drill

CP9789 1/2" Heavy Duty Reversible Drill

$395.30 NZD exc.
$454.59 NZD inc.

IN STOCK

Add to Cart Add to Cart
CP7732C 1/2" Ultra Compact Impact Wrench, Max Torque 625 Nm

CP7732C 1/2" Ultra Compact Impact Wrench, Max Torque 625 Nm

From $383.25 NZD exc.
$440.74 NZD inc.
Product Enquiry Product Enquiry


Do you have an idea for our #expertcornerLet us know!

Who we are and how Ash Air can help your business!

Ash Air has been around in New Zealand since 1979, and we’ve grown into a nationwide company with international support and a reputation for quality and reliability.We look after all things compressed air for your business!

  • Reciprocating, Screw, air compressors
  • Vacuum pumps
  • Nitrogen
  • An extensive line of air treatment components

Ash Air's range of Chicago Pneumatic, Alup, Pneumatech, and Quincy compressors are used extensively around the world in industries ranging from oil and gas to food, automotive and farming, and we bring you these world class compressors here in the land of the long white cloud.Our technicians are compressed air equipment experts and are dedicated to addressing customer needs. Supported by a 13 locations nationwide, Ash Air offers one of the widest selections of compressed air equipment and parts available today in New Zealand.

Reliability and Efficiency

With Ash Air compressors, you can count on reliability and high performance for even the most demanding applications. We focus our efforts on the following:

  • Increasing uptime
  • Reducing unexpected repairs
  • Reducing energy consumption
  • Improving the cleanliness of compressed air


Talk to the team today:  CONTACT US CONTACT US

Read more from our #expertcorner


Air compressors are used in many different applications and provide essential compressed air to many businesses and individuals with different air needs. No matter what your CFM, PSI and HP requirements are, the electronic controller on your air compressor is the motherboard for keeping your unit running as efficiently as possible. It is your eyes into your machine.


The emergency stop, "e-stop", is for true emergency situations only. When hitting the e-stop, all power is halted from the machine and the unload process isn't achieved. The emergency stop button is intended to help with possibly hazardous situations that are developing. Common conditions of having to use the e-stop is the misuse of the equipment in ways that weren’t intended, predictable failures not addressed or failing to consider all the foreseeable uses of the compressor.


Air compressors are helpful for an enormous range of applications such as air filling, packaging, tools, HVAC control, and more! One possible drawback is the amount of electricity they use; air compressors can be a huge drain on energy if used ​inefficiently​. If you are running them too long, allowing leaks to exist, or using the wrong type of compressor, you are wasting ​energy and money​. This article will go over some of the biggest power-wasters and how to
stop/prevent them!

Keep up to date with News,
Promotions and more